Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China; on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by Bangladesh and India. It is located between latitudes 09°32’N and 28°31’N and longitudes 92°10’E and 101°11’E.
The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometers (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometers (1,275 miles) from north to south.
Population: 60 million (2010 census)
GMT + 6 ½ hours
Voltage: 220/ 230 volts AC, 50Hz; two-pin flat plugs are in use.
The climate of Myanmar is dominated by tropical climate with three general seasons.
( 1 ) The rainy seasons from mid – May to mid – October with average temperatures 25 -30 C.
( 2 ) The cool seasons ( Winter ) from mid – October to mid – February with average temperature 20-24C and Kalaw ( South – West of Shan State ) and Kyaing Tong (Eastern Shan State),day/night time temperature is only around 10C/5C in Winter.
( 3 ) The hot season (summer) from mid-February to mid-May with average temperatures 30 – 35 C.
The best time to visit Myanmar is from October to mid-May.
Yangon has direct air-links with Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Kolkata,Vietnam, Chaingmai and Kumming.
The Myanmar Airways International, Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways, Silk Air, Malaysia Airline, Indian Airline, Vietnam Airlines, China southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Air Asia, Air Mandalay, Air Bagan and Air China operated scheduled flight in and out of Yangon.
China Eastern Airlines fly to Mandalay. Air Bagan fly Yangon-Chiang Mai-Yangon. All the international Flights use Yangon as gate way with the exception of China Eastern Airlines use Mandalay & Yangon International airport ( Kumming – Mandalay – Kumming ) ( Kumming – Yangon – Kumming )
Passport & Visa
All visitors to Myanmar are required to carry a valid passport and a Myanmar visa. The passports must be valid for six months beyond the intended stay. Visa applications may be made at any Myanmar Embassy or consulate. Visa on arrival only applied for nationalities with no Myanmar Embassy at their country. A separate visa is required for each child over seven years of age, even if traveling on their parent’s passport.
Tourist visas are valid for two months from the date of issue for stays of 28 days in Myanmar. Business visas are valid for three months or six months from date of issue, depending on the type granted.
Yangon International Airport
Airport Code: RGN
Location: The airport is situated 16km (10 miles) northwest of Yangon
Ground Transport: Metered Taxis are available.
Facilities: There are a few restaurants and bars available.
Mandalay International Airport
Airport Code: MDL
Location: The airport is situated 35 km (21 miles) east of Mandalay, approximately an hour’s drive from the city center.
Ground Transport: Taxis are available to city center; approximately an hour’s drive
Airport tax for International flight is USD (or) FEC10. But there is no tax for domestic flights.
Valid Passport with Entry Visa is required for all visitors to Myanmar. Visa can be obtained at any Myanmar Embassy or Consulate abroad. Visa fee is US$30 per pax. For clients who do not have Myanmar embassy, and can’t apply for visa in their own country, we can arrange for Visa on arrival.
DOMESTIC TRAVEL & TRANSPORTATION
Domestic air services have greatly improved over recent years. However, railways, bus and steamer services still needs improvement for the convenience of visitors. The clients will travel by reliable Air Mandalay or Yangon Airways or Air Bagan ATR- flights and by air – con vehicle. Baggage allowance on domestic flights is limited to 20kg. Excess luggage can be left in Yangon hotels for collection on return from up country.
Air-conditioned coaches, mini vans and cars can be arranged for tours inside the country. In remote areas, air-conditioned car or bus may not always be available and travelers are advised that the conditions of roads in Myanmar are not the same. Due to poor road conditions, long distance overland travel generally takes longer than the traveler might expect, averaging only 45-50 kilometers per hour.
Documents required for Visa on arrival
Please send us following information at least 3 weeks ahead of the arrival date. After Visa is approved, we will send you the document and in the mean time will inform the respective international airline to let them check in without Visa in the passport yet.
Full name (as appear on passport)
Date of birth
Confirmed arriaval flight number with booking reference code (PNR)
1 copy of photo (file is not bigger than 1000 KB)
Visa fees & service charges is US D 40/pax. This price is subject to change and varies between nationals
After Visa is approved, we will inform your international flight to let you check in without Visa in your passport.
So it is important for us to know your international (arrival & departure) flight number and your booking reference (PNR code).
HOW WE MAKE YOUR ITINERARY
Major sightseeing tour itineraries include a variety of religious and historic monuments, a rich cultural and artistic heritage and beautiful scenery. Not only the above, we also seek out other attractions, like interesting local markets, festival, traditional handicrafts and cottage industries, and will serve the opportunity to meet local people in their own environment.
Also included are opportunities to try regional cuisine and to see typical or traditional forms of entertainment.
By including such extra dimensions, we make any visit to Myanmar a richer, more rewarding and memorable experience.
There are no compulsory vaccinations but it is advisable to take precautions against malaria.
Prescription drugs are not widely available and visitors should bring any required medication with them.
Insect repellents are recommended, in conjunction with other measures to prevent mosquito bites. The sun can be remarkably hot so a hat and sun block cream is advisable.
The hotels accommodation standards in Myanmar now very widely, especially in terms of quality and availability. New and refurbished hotels meeting international standards are availability in most of the destinations like Yangon, Mandalay, Bagan, Inle Lake, Kyaing Tong, Ngapali Beach, Ngwe Saung Beach and Chaung Thar Beach.
In the remote areas very basic and simple hotels are available.
Myanmar cuisine use rice as staple dish, usually served with curries of meat or fish and variety of side dishes like vegetables, salads, soup, condiments etc. Curries tend to be less chili- hot than those served in Thailand, In order to give travelers a true feeling for the country, our restaurants and foods are carefully selected for hygiene as well as gastronomic considerations. Meals & drinks at International Hotels are considerably expensive.
There are many good local restaurants with almost the same quality of food and hygiene as hotels but at much more reasonable prices. They serve various dishes of Myanmar, Chinese, European ( French and Italian ), Thai and Indian cuisine. But roadside small restaurants are not recommended, as it can be risky for health.
Myanmar arts and crafts, mostly hand-made, are best souvenirs. Lacquer ware , wood carvings , tapestries , silverware, brassware, silk and cotton fabrics and shoulder-bags are some of the favorite items.
For jewelry, there are Myanmar rubies, sapphires, jade and pearls available at Myanmar gems shops. All gems and jewelry purchased should be made through government licensed dealers, who provide vouchers for export.
Bargaining is essential for obtaining goods at reductions of up to 50% are not uncommon.
All foreigners are to declared, jewelry, electrical goods and cameras to the Customs at the Airport. Export of antiques is totally prohibited. Only gems and jewelry purchased at the licensed dealers, or who can issue an export permit are allowed to be taking out of the country. Visitors may bring in duty free 200 cigarettes, one quart of wine and one pint of perfume.
Baggage may be inspected before departure. Laptop computers can be brought in freely for your own use.
Most hotels have twenty-one (21) days notice for groups and seven ( 7 ) days notice for individual travelers.
Some have strict cancellation and deposit policies especially for bookings of River cruises and beach hotels.
Most hotels have IDD lines, but please be aware that the costs are very high with average cost of a call to Australia, Europe and USA approximately USD 8 per minute. So, if you wish to call home, our suggestion is to call and ask the other side to call you back.
Your mobile phone can be brought in freely, but there is no roaming services in Myanmar.
Widely practiced, in addition to hotel and restaurant service charges shown on bills.
Porters expect approximately 500 Ks per bag; slightly more at airports.
CURRENCY AND EXCHANGE
The monetary unit is the Kyat (pronounced chat), which is divided into 100 pyas. The official exchange rate is about 6 Kyats to US$ 1.
For the convenience of the visitors, Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs) are issue by the central Bank of Myanmar to be used during their stay. FECs are acceptable like US dollars by used in the Union of Myanmar. It is printed on the note as 1FEC = 1USD is printed on the note. Regardless of the visa type, there are no more compulsory exchange of FEC 200 upon arrival at Yangon airport.
No credit cards/ATM cards are valid any more in recent & current situation of Myanmar and we are not sure till when this will effect.
So it’s advisable that the clients should bring enough money in US$ cash for general expenses ( small denomination notes ). Euro and other currencies are difficult to use.
SOME USEFUL ADVICE
Extra personal insurance is recommended for possible cases of illness, or situations where medical evacuation by air is required. It is required to dress decently within the precincts of religious buildings. Light clothing is required all year- round but a sweater or jacket may be needed in hilly areas, especially during winter months. If visiting during rainy season (May-September) an umbrella or raincoat will be required. Shoes and socks must be removed at pagodas and monasteries.
Travelers are advised to keep away from touts who may approach them to exchange foreign currency or to sell gems of dubious quality.
Travelers are also advised not to drink tap water, purified bottled water is available everywhere. Photography in airports, and near any military installation is forbidden. Please use discretion when photographing people, who may have superstitions against this. For close-up shots, always ask first.
( 1 ) Inside Yangon airport, there is a money exchange counter for anyone who may wish to exchange, however it’s not compulsory, but only as per their own decision.
( 2 ) Regardless of the visa type are no longer compulsory for the exchange of FEC 200 each upon arrival at Yangon airport.